Much is often made of the text families from which Greek texts such as the Textus Receptus and NA/UBS come. Alexandria is said to be home to heretics, while Antioch is held to be home to the lovers of truth.
This post is purposefully short, and is intended to be built upon later as time permits. I simply want to notice two things here:
1. If the above statements about Alexandria (from which the Alexandrian family comes) and Antioch (home of the Byzantine text family) are true does that make the claims of Byzantine superiority correct? The answer is “no”, it does not make the claim of the superiority of the Byzantine text to be true. Why? Because the argument is fallacious. The fallacy is called the “genetic fallacy”.
“Genetic Fallacy: Where someone condemns an argument because of where it began, how it began, or who began it.”
2. The above statements about Antioch and Alexandria are not totally true. For example, one of the great debates of early Christendom was the debate about Arianism. Arius essentially was anti-Trinitarian. Arius was taught by a Lucian of Antioch. He was opposed by a Trinitarian believer named Athanasius, who was from Alexandria.
When we look at this we find that Antioch’s teaching was not as pure as the Byzantine purists would have us to believe. Neither was Alexandria quite so heterodox as they claim. In fact, the School of Antioch was not totally orthodox in their views, holding to adoptionism, and Nestorius (father of the Nestorian heresy) received some training there.
These brief thoughts should remind us that the answer to the textual issue simply will not be decided by the geographical origins of the Greek texts.
(Note: wiki articles accessed 01/23/2010 and are subject to change.)